Sh. Pradip Krishen, author of Trees of Delhi has offered me this list of “Native Trees of North India”. The trees listed here are essentially of arid regions in and around Delhi, and surely constitute the native tree species of Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat, and perhaps parts of UP.

If you’re in these regions, consider planting these tree varieties instead of the trees normally supplied by the Forest Departments. Forest Departments are notorious for providing saplings for non-native trees which thus have a low survival rate (what a shame, isn’t it – that the Forest Departments cannot do even their basic job well).

The list below lists the Scientific Name first and then the Local (popular) name of the tree.

  1. Acacia catechu   ::   Khair
  2. Acacia leucophloea  ::  Ronjh
  3. Acacia modesta  ::  Phulai
  4. Acacia nilotica  ::  Keekar(Babool)
  5. Acacia senegal  ::  Kumttha
  6. Aegle marmelos  ::  Bael
  7. Ailanthus excelsa  ::  Maharukh
  8. Albizia amara  ::  Krishna Siris
  9. Albizia lebbeck  ::  Siris
  10. Albizia odoratissima  ::  Kala Siris
  11. Anogeissus latifolia  ::
  12. Anogeissus pendula  ::  Dhau
  13. Balanites roxburghii  ::  Hingot
  14. Bauhinia malabarica  ::
  15. Bauhinia racemosa  ::  Jhinjheri
  16. Bauhinia variegata  ::  Kachnar
  17. Boswellia serrata  ::  Salai or the frankicense
  18. Bridelia retusa  ::  Khasai
  19. Butea monosperma  ::  Dhak
  20. Capparis decidua  ::  Kareel
  21. Cassia fistula  ::  Amaltas
  22. Celtis terandra  ::  Khirk
  23. Clerodendrum phlomidis  ::  Arni
  24. Cochlospermum religiosum  ::
  25. Cordia dichotoma  ::  Lasora
  26. Cordia gharaf  ::  Gondi
  27. Cordia macleodii  ::
  28. Crateva adansonii  ::  Barna
  29. Dalbergia lanceolaria  ::  Takoli
  30. Dichrostachys cinerea  ::  Sickle Bush
  31. Ehretia acuminata  ::  Pania
  32. Ficus benghalensis  ::  Banyan
  33. Ficus microcarpa  ::  Laurel Fig
  34. Ficus palmata  ::  Anjeeri
  35. Ficus racemosa  ::  Goolar
  36. Ficus religiosa  ::  Peepal
  37. Gardenia latifolia  ::
  38. Grewia tiliaefolia  ::
  39. Helicteres isora  ::
  40. Holoptelea integrifolia  ::  Kunju
  41. Lannea coromandelica  ::  Kaith
  42. Limonia acidissima  ::
  43. Manilkara hexandra  ::  Manilkara Hexandra
  44. Maytenus senegalensis  ::  Kankera
  45. Miliusa tomentosa  ::
  46. Mitragyna parvifolia  ::
  47. Murraya paniculata  ::  Kamini
  48. Nyctanthes arbor-tristes  ::  Harshingar
  49. Ougeinia oojeinensis  ::  Sandan
  50. Phoenix sylvestris  ::  Wild Date Palm
  51. Phyllanthus emblica  ::  Amla
  52. Prosopis cinerarea  ::  Jhand
  53. Salix tetrasperma  ::  Indian Willow
  54. Salvadora oleoides  ::  Khabbar
  55. Salvadora persica  ::  Peelu
  56. Schleichera oleosa  ::  Kosam
  57. Sterculia urens  ::  Kulu
  58. Streblus asper  ::  Sandpaper tree
  59. Syzigium cumini  ::  Jamun
  60. Tamarix aphylla  ::  Farash
  61. Tecomella undulata  ::  Roheda
  62. Terminalia arjuna  ::  Arjun
  63. Terminala bellirica  ::  Baheda
  64. Wrightia tinctoria  ::  Doodhi
  65. Ziziphus nummularia  ::
  66. Ziziphus mauritiana  ::  Ber
  67. Ziziphus xylopyrus  ::
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